Basic Methods for Assessment of Renal Fluoride Excretion in Community Prevention Programmes for Oral Health.
(eBook)

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Published
Geneva : World Health Organization, 2014.
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eBook
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1st ed.
ISBN
9789240692114
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1 online resource (91 pages)
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Language
English

Notes

Description
This manual informs about practical procedures inassessment of renal fluoride excretion based on experience fromexisting national fluoridation programmes. Theassessment tools will primarily be useful inassisting countries in achieving an effectivefluoride exposure. It is a hope that the manual willstimulate oral health personnel and public healthadministrators to use a systematic approach formanaging and analysing data obtained fromdifferent levels of fluoride exposure. Finally themanual encourages inter-country collaboration onsurveillance systems for community programmesusing fluoride for prevention of dental caries.
Local note
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2023. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.

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APA Citation, 7th Edition (style guide)

WHO. (2014). Basic Methods for Assessment of Renal Fluoride Excretion in Community Prevention Programmes for Oral Health . World Health Organization.

Chicago / Turabian - Author Date Citation, 17th Edition (style guide)

WHO. 2014. Basic Methods for Assessment of Renal Fluoride Excretion in Community Prevention Programmes for Oral Health. World Health Organization.

Chicago / Turabian - Humanities (Notes and Bibliography) Citation, 17th Edition (style guide)

WHO. Basic Methods for Assessment of Renal Fluoride Excretion in Community Prevention Programmes for Oral Health World Health Organization, 2014.

MLA Citation, 9th Edition (style guide)

WHO. Basic Methods for Assessment of Renal Fluoride Excretion in Community Prevention Programmes for Oral Health World Health Organization, 2014.

Note! Citations contain only title, author, edition, publisher, and year published. Citations should be used as a guideline and should be double checked for accuracy. Citation formats are based on standards as of August 2021.

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91e99e7d-e689-39fa-ccde-6f1b3972745b-eng
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Grouped Work ID91e99e7d-e689-39fa-ccde-6f1b3972745b-eng
Full titlebasic methods for assessment of renal fluoride excretion in community prevention programmes for oral health
Authorwho
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Last Update2023-03-28 17:59:37PM
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5050 |a Cover -- Contents -- Acronyms and abbreviations -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Background -- 1.2 Sources of fluoride intake in humans -- 1.3 Fluoride metabolism and excretion -- 1.4 Biomarkers of fluoride exposure -- 1.5 Urinary fluoride assessments in population oral health -- 1.6 Areas of uncertainty -- 2 General design of study -- 2.1 Background -- 2.2 Identification of participants -- 2.3 Sampling -- Location -- Number of subjects -- Age groups -- Frequency -- Time of study and number of days -- 2.4 Methods of monitoring -- 2.4.1 24-hour urine collection -- 2.4.2 Timed collections of urine obtained from defined periods of a day -- 3 Methods for collecting urine, and for handling and evaluating results -- 3.1 Recording of information -- 3.1.1 General information -- 3.1.2 Personal information -- 3.2 Essential preparatory practices -- 3.2.1 Pre-collection planning approaches -- 4 Twenty-four hour urine collection -- 4.1 Procedure -- 4.2 Fluoride and creatinine concentrations -- 4.3 Information to be recorded -- 4.4 Determination of fluoride in urine -- 4.5 General rules for tabulation and processing of data -- 5 Design of the final report for 24-hour urine collection -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Materials and methods -- 5.3 Results -- 5.4 Discussion and conclusion -- 5.5 Summary -- 5.6 Tables for the 24-hour collection method -- 6 Collections of 8-18 hours (within the 24-hour cycle) -- 6.1 Collection of nocturnal urine and during periods of high excretion -- 6.2 Optional calculations obtained from time-controlled urine collection - Use of a standardized format -- 6.2.1 Coded recordings of personal data and individual fluoride exposure -- 6.2.2 Standard table for surveys with 24-hour collections -- 6.2.3 Standard table for surveys with two collections totalling 14-16 hours, using MS Excel.
5058 |a 6.2.4 Standard table for surveys with three collections totalling 14-16 hours using MS Excel: complete series -- 6.2.5 Standard table for surveys with collections made in four periods totalling the 24-cycle -- 6.2.6 Cleaning of data -- 6.3 Extrapolations -- 7 Design of the final report for time-controlled urinary collections -- 7.1 Tables for time-controlled urinary collections lasting 8-18 hours -- 8 Urine spot samples -- 8.1 Creatinine -- 9 Provision of technical advice -- Annex A: Apparatus and materials -- Annex B: Steps for verifying function of apparatus -- Annex C: Calibration procedure -- References -- Tables -- Table 5.1 Urinary fluoride excretion data from 24-hour urine collections -- Table 5.2 Criteria for cleaning data from children aged 2-6 years, from 24-hour collections -- Table 5.3 Standards for urinary fluoride excretion (mg/24-hour cycle): lower and upper margins -- Table 5.4 Calculated daily urinary fluoride excretion associated with low, optimal and high fluoride intake for ages 1-14 years -- Table 5.5 Calculated daily urinary fluoride excretion associated with low, optimal and high fluoride intake for broader age groups -- Table 7.1 Urinary fluoride data for time-controlled urine collections -- Table 7.2 Criteria for cleaning data from childen aged 2-6 years, from time-controlled urine collections[sup(a)] -- Table 7.3 Range of optimal urinary fluoride excretion (&amp -- #956 -- g/hour) at different times, for time-controlled urine collections: lower and upper margins -- Table 7.4 Standards for urinary fluoride concentration (mg/L -- ppm) for all ages, for time-controlled urine collections -- lower and upper margins -- Table 7.5 Calculation of parameters using simple numerical operations -- Table 7.6 Data and computing table using MS Excel for surveys for 24-hour collections (example with six cases).
5058 |a Table 7.7 Dataset example and MS Excel computing table showing calculations of fluoride excretion of children providing nocturnal and noon urine collections -- Table 7.8 Dataset example and MS Excel computing table showing calculations of fluoride excretion of children providing morning, afternoon and nocturnal collections -- Table 7.9 Ideal format of a dataset to be transferred to an evaluation centre -- Figures -- Figure 3.1 Example of daytime label used in time-controlled collections, to be attached to the urine collecting jar (WHO Form No. 96392, modified) -- Figure 3.2 Overnight urine collection label used in time-controlled collections (WHO Form No. 96393) -- Figure 3.3 Summary record form of urine collection from a group of children in time-controlled collections (WHO Form No. 96391) -- Figure 3.4 Sample invitation -- Figure 3.5 Questionnaire on use of fluoride supplements and toothpaste.
520 |a This manual informs about practical procedures inassessment of renal fluoride excretion based on experience fromexisting national fluoridation programmes. Theassessment tools will primarily be useful inassisting countries in achieving an effectivefluoride exposure. It is a hope that the manual willstimulate oral health personnel and public healthadministrators to use a systematic approach formanaging and analysing data obtained fromdifferent levels of fluoride exposure. Finally themanual encourages inter-country collaboration onsurveillance systems for community programmesusing fluoride for prevention of dental caries.
588 |a Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
590 |a Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2023. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.
650 0|a Water-Fluoridation-Health aspects.
655 4|a Electronic books.
77608|i Print version:|a WHO|t Basic Methods for Assessment of Renal Fluoride Excretion in Community Prevention Programmes for Oral Health|d Geneva : World Health Organization,c2014|z 9789241548700
7972 |a ProQuest (Firm)
830 0|a Nonserial Publications
85640|u https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/pit/detail.action?docID=1741839|z Click to View